Road freight is the practice of moving merchandise by road while operating a vehicle. Road in this context refers to the lane or route that connects the starting point with the final destination. Road maintenance is less expensive when compared to other modes of transportation like the sea and the air. When alternative forms of transportation are unavailable in rural locations, road freight may be the sole option for delivery.
Road freight can be categorized into LTL (Less Than Truckload) and (FTL Full Truck Load). LTL freight is frequently chosen by companies with smaller-sized items that cannot fill a complete truck load. In LTL, a company splits the cost of transportation and truck space with other companies. Small and medium-sized firms should use LTL because it is a cost-effective option to ship goods by road. However, compared to FTL, LTL delivery takes longer because there may be many pauses and the need for packing and repacking along the way.
FTL, on the other hand, is typically chosen by businesses for one of the following reasons: they have a shipment large enough to engage an entire truck, they need an entire truck even when the truck is not fully loaded, they have a time constraint, or they have high risk or delicate goods. FTL is thus more expensive than LTL.