HGV is an abbreviation for Heavy Goods Vehicle. It is a phrase often used in the United Kingdom and Europe to describe huge vehicles or lorries used for commodities transportation. HGVs are primarily utilized for long-distance freight transportation and are larger and heavier than light commercial vehicles or vans.
They can be articulated (also known as tractor-trailers) or rigid, with a maximum allowed weight of more than 3.5 tons. HGVs are also subject to various rules, taxes, and regulations than light commercial vehicles. HGVs are necessary for the transportation of commodities, and they play a crucial part in keeping economies going by ensuring that goods and supplies get to their destinations in a timely manner.
These vehicles are known as "semi-trucks" or "semis" in the United States, and "transport trucks" or "semi-trailers" in Canada.